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The 4th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry at Camp Poland

Contributed by Jeff Berry
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The following accounts of the 4th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry in Camp Poland, Tennessee during the Spanish American War appeared in the Knoxville Journal and Tribune.

The Articles:

August 27, 1898:

...Brigadier-General Charles F. Roe, commanding the First brigade of General McKee’s division, has tendered his resignation to take effect as soon as possible.

 The rumors to this effect prevailed yesterday, but were not confirmed until last night. General McKee was seen, and was asked if it was true that General Roe contemplated resigning or if he had resigned. In reply, General McKee stated that the resignation of the commander of the First brigade had been presented, and would go through the proper channels to the war department, where action would be taken. He stated that General Roe had assigned his reason for resigning, but when asked to state them he declined, saying that such information should be given the public from General Roe himself. It was understood, however, from General McKee’s comment that the resignation had been tendered for reasons that have possessed many other officials who have resigned within the past two weeks. That of seeing no further use for their services, in view of the fact that peace has been declared.

 It is a fact that General Roe has extensive business interests in the state of New York, and it is believed that his reasons for resigning are on account of his desire to return home, now that hostilities have ceased, and resume his business relations. General Roe was seen yesterday afternoon, and was given an opportunity to make a statement concerning the report. He stated, however. That he had nothing to say at the present time.

 Brigadier General Roe was one of the civilian appointees named at the beginning of the hostilities with Spain. He had a previous military record, upon which his appointment was based. He is a graduate of West Point, and, after leaving the military academy, served several years in the United States army. He was later detailed as superintendent of West Point, which position he held for several years. It has already been mentioned that General Roe was at West Point the same time Colonel LeRoy Brown was a cadet. He was, however in an advanced class.

 General Roe is at present a citizen of New York, He has large business interests in different portions of the state. He is nearly sixty years of age. The fact that he has previously been connected with the regular army, and retired, leads to the conclusion that he had no desire to remain, now that peace exists between the two nations that were a month ago at war.

 As a brigade commander, General Roe had been a success and he has many friends among the officers and men of his command. He has been stationed as brigadier-general commanding the First brigade, Second Division, First Army Corps. His brigade is at present composed of the First Georgia and Thirty-first Michigan regiments. The Fifth Illinois was in his command before being taken to Newport News, Va.

 It is believed in the military circles here that Colonel LeRoy Brown’s Fourth Tennessee regiment will be attached to General Roe’s brigade at an early date.

August 27, 1898:

Brown’s Yellow Kids” would not be a good title for the boys of this regiment, for they are too big and strong to be called ”kids,” but yet that is what some of the soldiers are calling them. The reason is that Col. Brown has adopted for his men as a distinguishing mark bright yellow neckties. They make a very striking appearance, and the selection of yellow is considered to be a fortunate one, as it certainly makes the men of the Fourth very conspicuous and they can be readily distinguished from the other regiments at a glance, which was the object in selecting the color.

Col. Brown yesterday opened the sealed bid for supplies for the fourth regiment. The bids were for ten days supplies and the bidders were present when they were opened. The fortunate ones were as follows:-Potatoes, Borches & Co.: coffee, Hazen & Lotspeich; fresh beef, Ignaz Fanz; smoked bacon, R Knaffle; crackers, sugar, salt and beans, M.L.Ross & Co.; vinegar, W.B. Lockett. At the end of ten days, when the contracts expire, the Fourth will in all probability obtain its supplies from the quartermaster and commissary departments of the Second Division, as it is expected that the Fourth will by that time be brigaded with the First Division.

A very pretty ceremony yesterday evening was the presentation of a flag to the Third battalion, by Miss Virginia Johns, of Nashville. Miss Johns arrived yesterday, accompanied by her mother, Mrs. John Johns, Miss Jane Seay and Miss Margaret Doak. While here they are the guests of the Third battalion, at Imperial hotel. The presentation ceremony was held on the parade ground, where a platform had been erected for the occasion. Miss Johns made the presentation speech and presented the flag to Major Vertrees, who accepted it on behalf of the battalion. The entire regiment was formed on the parade ground to witness the ceremony, the Third battalion being closest to the platform.

The regiment now has three regimental flags and one battalion flag. Another will be added to this list in the near future when the Daughters of the American Revolution in this city present them with a regimental flag.

October 2, 1898:

Colonel Brown will keep his family at Rogersville indefinitely, where his children are at school.

Lieutenant-Colonel Hannah’s continued absence from camp is noticed by many, and his return will be greatly appreciated.

Guard mount, which occurs in the morning at eight o’ clock, will be a feature today, It is said the Fourth regiment men always take a pride in performing regular duty on Sunday, despite the fact that it keeps many of them from attending church. Attorney-General “Doc” Owings, of Kingston was a visitor at camp yesterday. He has several friends in the regiment and they were all glad to see him. Captain Blair, of company B, who has been slightly indisposed, is much improved.

October 2, 1898:

Now that it has been ordered from Washington that the regimental hospital shall be re-established , in connection with the division hospital, and that each regiment shall have the services of at least two surgeons, one of them being of the rank of major, much speculation is being indulged in as to where the extra surgeons shall come from. As is well known none of the regiments in Camp Poland, with the exception of the colored regiments, have the required number of surgeons. Seven surgeons of this division were sent to Cuba and Porto Rico, while the troops were at Chickamauga, and a number have been made brigade surgeons, or detailed to the division hospital. The Second Ohio, for instance, has at present none of its surgeons with the regiment, Captain McDonald, of the Fourth Tennessee, having been detailed as its regimental surgeon, while at the same time acting as brigade surgeon. The Thirty-First Michigan is in much the same fix as the Second Ohio, having none of its regular surgeons with it, a contract surgeon, Dr. Haze, acting in the capacity of regimental surgeon. It is very probable that when surgeons are assigned to the regiments so that the recent order may be out in force, or in other words, so that each regiment shall have at least two surgeons, a number of contract surgeons will be among the numbers.

It will be remembered, that when Secretary Alger was here he stated that no more surgeons could be commissioned without the consent of congress, but that if more surgeons were needed he would see to it that a sufficient number of contract surgeons would be furnished. From this it is believed that in a short time Camp Poland will have a number of contract surgeons assisting in caring for the sick.

October 3, 1898:

The number of visitors at Camp Taylor yesterday was not so large as on former Sundays. This was not because the regiment has lost any poularity, but because of the current on the street cars being weak and the cars being unable to make good time. Guard mount was witnessed by a few persons in the morning and dress parade by many in the afternoon,

Lieutenant-colonel Hannah did not get in as expected yesterday, but will arrive from Oliver Springs today.

There were no religious services last night on account of the Y.M.C.A. tent being down. The heavy wind yesterday proved too much for it, but little damage was done to the other tents.

Privates Al Flanders and Harry Berry of company A, spent yesterday in the city with friends.

The Fourth Tennessee men at division hospital are not sick but are proving of much benefit as nurses and in other work. That rumor about the regiment going to move has never been confirmed and it is now believed to have been without much foundation in fact.

October 5, 1898:


Will be made of All Camp Poland Regiments Previous to the Arrival of Major General Chaffee—Military Board Appointed  to Examine Officers of the Sixth Virginia—Change Made in the Daily Routine Now in Force.

No word has as yet been received at division headquarters as to when Major  General Chaffee is to arrive to assume command of Camp Poland troops. However, preparations are being made to receive him and an inspection of all the troops is to be commenced as soon as the weather will permit. As was stated in yesterday’s Journal and Tribune, this inspection by officers of General McKee’s staff and by military boards appointed by General McKee, was to have commenced yesterday, but it has been postponed until the weather becomes more pleasant. This inspection will be a most thorough and rigid one.

Probably the first definite step taken in this direction was the appointment by General McKee of a military board to  examine several officers of the Sixth Virginia regiment, colored, as to their efficient as military officers. The names of these officers are not known but it is understood that those who will be examined rank from second lieutenant to major.

The board which will conduct this investigation consists of the following officers: Colonel George Leroy Brown, of the Fourth Tennessee; Lieutenant Colonel Bryant, of  Second Ohio; Lieutenant-Colonel S. L. Taylor, of the Third North Carolina; Major Henry L. Hunt, of the Thirty-first Michigan, and Major W. C. Tatom, of the Fourth Tennessee.

This board was appointed in compliance with an order from the war department at Washington.

Rain had a quieting effect on the troops in Camp Poland yesterday. The steady all day downpour kept the men and officers in their quarters to a great extent.

The soldiers of the Second division, who have been enjoying a rest from drill since they came here from Chickamauga park, will not have such as easy time of it from now on. The soldiers have been congratulating themselves since their arrival here on the fact that drills have been almost entirely suspended. An order had been made by General McKee which will restore the daily routine which was in force at Camp Thomas. The program of daily routine which has been sent out from division headquarters to the various regimental commanders plays reveille a half hour later in the morning than it has heretofore been, and taps will sound at a correspondingly earlier hour at night.

October 5, 1898:

Colonel LeRoy Brown has no hesitancy in saying that his regiment is “o.k.” in the matter of bravery, ability to “scrap” and do any other kind of work that Uncle Sam requests.

Lieutenant-Colonel Harvey H. Hannah has returned to the camp after a mission of sadness. A few days ago he was called to Anniston, Ala., on account of the serious illness of his relative, Robert Triplett, a popular member of the Third Tennessee regiment. Before he reached the bedside of his friend the latter was dead. The funeral followed when the remains were buried in his native soil.

The almost incessant rain yesterday put the camp soil in a very moist condition. As a result there was but little work done outside of guard mount yesterday morning. There was no dress parade, but a few men inside the tents wee kicking because they could not get their feet out.

The new arrangement whereby there is a car every few moments on the Park street line ferrying people to this regiment is proving satisfactory.

The Y.M.C.A. tent that recently blew down has not been erected in its original position. A detail was made to put it up, but there was a lack of moral force enough to boss the job. Without joking the tent is badly in need of hoisting, and wind or no wind, it should go up.

Even before Camp Poland was established there was a desire on the part of the officers of this regiment to keep things quiet and orderly. That this may be done, Chaplain Hancock has recently taken to pedestrianism instead of horseback riding, so that he may mix and mingle with the men.

The Nashville Banner on Monday said: “Major W. C. Tatom, a man who is know everywhere, was in the city yesterday for a few hours. He came by the early train from Knoxville to meet his wife and children, who arrived from Waverly. They all went to Knoxville by the nine o’clock train this morning. While in the city they walked about the capitol grounds and the seven-year-old boy, dressed in soldier clothes, saluted “Old Hickory” with the regular military salute.”

The Fourth Tennessee regiment several days ago decided that the best way it could serve the law abiding citizens of the city was to place a district and permanent guard in the city. It was found that in order to do this, it would be necessary to give the guards a permanent abiding place-up town. This was done, and the men are sleeping and eating on Central avenue near their posts of duty. The names of the Tennesseans who have civilized “Cripple Creek,” as some of them put it are as follows:--

Company A—Corporal E. E. Piatt, F. E. Elkins, “Pack” Breeden, W. H. Campbell.
Company B---Sergeant H. Nicholson, Ed Smiddey, A. L. Phillips
Company C—Corporal James Hatch, O. T. Atkins
Company D—Corporal J. A. Bunn, Louie Freedman
Company E—O. J. Johnson, W. R. Boseman
Company F—Ben Duncan, Amos Lane
Company G—J. A. Haynes, F. M. Boyatt
Company H—A. B. Mayfield, Otho Nearn
Company I— Luther Vaden, Arthur Douglass
Company K—T. M. Johnson, J. H. Aaron
Company L—A. T. Gerard, H. Franklin
Company M—W. H. Brown, John Lawson, Sergeant Hollinsworth
Cooks— W. H. Coulter and Sam Williams, “the best in the world,” so they say.

October 6, 1898:

The handling in of the resignations of nine of the officers of the Sixth Virginia yesterday morning caused quite a stir in camp. The officers, whose names are in the following order, are all colored.

They give no reasons for their act. The order is as follows:

Special Order No. 12

Under the provisions of section 14 under the act of congress, approved April second, a military board to consist of Col. George LeRoy Brown, Fourth Tennessee; Lieutenant-Colonel Edward S. Bryant, Second Ohio; Lieutenant-Colonel S. L. A. Taylor, Sixth Virginia; Major Henry L. Hunt, Thirty-first Michigan, and Major Wm. C. Tatom, Fourth Tennessee, is appointed to meet at the headquarters of the Sixth Virginia volunteer infantry, at ten o’clock a.m., on Monday, October third, or as soon thereafter as possible, and examine into the capacity, qualifications, conduct and efficiency of the following named officers, viz.:

Major W. H. Johnson, Sixth Virginia; Captain Chas B. Nicholas, Sixth Virginia; Captain James C. Hill, Sixth Virginia,  Captain J. A. C. Stephens, Sixth Virginia,; Captain Edward W. Gould,  Sixth Virginia; Capt. Peter Shepard, Jr., Sixth Virginia; first Lieutenant Samuel B. Randolph, Sixth Virginia; first Lieutenant Geo. T. Wright, Sixth Virginia; Second Lieutenant David Wardell, Sixth Virginia.

This board did not meet Monday, but did yesterday morning and while in session, the officers above named, all of the Sixth Virginia, handed in their resignations. Their resignations had not been asked for by the board, as the examination of the officers had not been made. All of the officers who sent in the resignations are colored, none of the white officers being included in the list. They will retain their commissions until their resignations are accepted.

The vacancies caused will be filled by promotion of other officers of the regiment. The above mentioned board will remain in power until dissolved by the department. It is not known whether any more cases for investigation will come up.

October 6, 1898:

While Colonel Brown and other officers are participating in the court proceedings at division headquarters, Major W. C. Tatom had charge of the regiment. He is strict, but the men all appreciate that trait in him.

When the inspectors reach this camp they will find it in excellent condition. No special preparations have been made for these officials, but equipment, arms, etc., will bear inspection any way.

The regiment at present contains 1,264 available men. There are twenty-five out on leaves and furloughs, and but thirteen who are marked sick, although but three of these are confined to the hospital.

Otto Atkins, of Ashville, N.C., is the new Y.M.C.A. secretary. He is in charge of the tent, keeps the stationery and games straight and makes arrangements for religious exercises.

Lieutenant Greer has returned from a visit to homefolks at Memphis.

A new wooden building had been erected for the use of the dry canteen.

It is situated just behind regimental headquarters.

An order has been posted at headquarters stating that no men will be allowed to loiter about the officers’ tents in the future.

Publisher Goddard, of the Maryville Times, was a guest yesterday of Lieutenant L.S.Goddard, of company B.

Captain Walter Fitzgerald is indisposed at his home in the city.

A ripple of excitement was created in city official circles at Memphis. When the fourth was organized, Douglass Hughey, an expert accountant in the employ of the revenue commissioners, joined as a private. His resignation was sent in, but some way was not filed promptly. Recently an effort was made to abolish the office and it remains vacant.

Athletic exercises has become popular with several of the men, and football and baseball enthusiasts are out daily practicing. Teams will be organized and other regiments given a chance to know what kind of material the Fourth contains.

October 7, 1898:

Orders wee issued yesterday from division headquarters relative to the different regiments taking practice marches.
The order is as follows:--

The following regulations for the conduct of practice marches are published for the information and guidance of all concerned:--Once each week or on days to be indicated by brigade commanders, each regiment of the division will make a practice march from its camp of not less than ten miles, remaining out one night and returning the following day.

The men will be equipped with shelter tents, ponchos, blankets and haversacks. There will be carried in wagons one days; rations, full, and necessary tentage for officers, Until further orders, the First brigade will operate south of the river, the second to the north, between the river and Second creek, and the Third to the southwest, between Second creek and the lower river. Marches will be made with proper tactical disposition of advance and rear guards, and in execution of an assumed and definite problem, involving the country traversed; the problem to be prescribed by the brigade commander, who may use all the regiments of his brigade in combination, if he so desires.

Itineraries will be kept and maps made in accordance with article X: “troops in campaign,” and reports made to this office.

One company in each regiment will be left in charge of the regimental camp and property and the camp will not be broken.


October 7, 1898:

But few men in the Fourth regiment passed yesterday without abundance of exercise. Besides the regular drills, guard mount and dress parade there were many men busy cleaning up. Picks, shovels, brooms, brushes, wheelbarrows and in fact every article needed to remove rubbish, vegetable scraps and refuse matter of all kinds was brought into requisition.

“Getting ready for inspection?” was asked a private who was lugging a large armful of brush away. “No, just working up a small appetite” was the doubtful response.

By the early afternoon the entire camp presented an unusually neat appearance and the “fixings” in many a tent home had been arranged in an attractive manner. When the inspectors do appear at the Fourth’s camp they will find it one of the cleanest in the country.

Mail is increasing both going and coming in this regiment. Nearly one thousand letters were received yesterday and papers in proportion. The men are writing more that they have been at any time since the regiment was organized. Many of the tents are supplied with tables and the writing is done ”at home” but much of it is produced in the Y.M.C.A. tent. The games in the tent are used nearly all the time but there is need of a new checker board.

The newly organized ball team of this regiment will play its first regular game tomorrow afternoon at Baldwin park. The Fourth has some good players and they have been practicing regularly and claim that they have a chance to win from the Michigan team. A diamond has been laid off on the parade grounds, which is convenient to camp.

Band Sergeant R. W. Page has returned from a furlough at Memphis and the boys are “looking up” to him as usual.

Sergeant Ed Cummings, who has a slight attack of bronchial trouble, was out of camp yesterday.

Lieutenant-colonel Hannah had a pleasant mid-day chat with some of the men yesterday and suggested that a few of them take a little physical exercise, as he thought it would do them good.

Lieutenant Stokely, who has been acting as adjutant, spent a few hours in the city yesterday.

There were a few lady visitors in attendance at dress parade yesterday.

It was reported yesterday that Lieutenant Fink had resigned to take effect the fifteenth of this month.

Colonel Brown and his force are kept busy listening to the appeals for furloughs, etc.

October 8, 1898:


A general order was issued today organizing new army corps and designating various points where the troops shall be stationed. The Third, Fifth, and Sixth corps are discontinued; the First, Second, and Fourth corps reorganized. They are to be commanded respectively by Major-Generals Breckinridge, Graham, and Wheeler. The headquarters of each corps will be: First corps, Macon, Ga.; Second corps, Augusta, Ga., Fourth corps, Huntsville, Ala. The full text of the order is as follows:

Major-general J. C. Breckinridge, U.S.V., commanding headquarters at Macon, Ga.

First division, headquarters at Macon, Ga.:--
First brigade-Atlanta, Ga. Thirty-first Michigan, Fourth Tennessee and Sixth Ohio
Second brigade- Macon, Ga. Third U.S.V. engineers, Second Ohio and Sixth Virginia
Third brigade- Macon, Ga. Tenth U.S.V., infantry and Seventh U.S.V. infantry

October 8, 1898:

Colonel Brown returned yesterday at noon from Rogersville, where his family resides. During the afternoon, when the report became current that the Fourth would probably be sent to Atlanta and be brigaded with the Thirty-first Michigan and Sixth Ohio regiments, there was much discussion along all the company streets. A small per cent of the men expressed themselves as glad to go, but many said if they had to remain at some point in the south, Knoxville would suit them. Colonel Brown was asked his opinion about the report and replied that he had no official information about what the Fourth would be ordered to do.

Corporal George Phillips, of the Twelfth regular United States infantry, which was in the fight at El Caney, was a visitor at camp yesterday, having come from a furlough spent in Scott county. He was the guest of his brothers, Sergeant Henry Phillips and Artificer James Phillips, of company B. He had a large crowd of listeners all the time he was in camp, who insisted on hearing about his experiences in Cuba.

The orchestra part of the band has been thoroughly organized with eight pieces. It is in good practice and will play an engagement in the city next week.

Company B surely has a record. It now contains 104 available men, the other two being off on furloughs

The intention of Lieutenant Albert Fink to resign has become a reality and members of company M regret the action he has taken. He reached camp yesterday and confirmed the report that he had resigned.

The new dry canteen is being well patronized.

Members of company A did not get through cleaning their street until yesterday.

Captain Walter Fitzgerald, of company A, continues to be confined to his home in the city with a mild form of illness.

A few weeks ago an order was issued that members of the regiment in passing the colors, should take their hats off. The custom has become a habit with the men and is very effective and attractive. There is one thoroughly happy and contented man in the regiment. He is a private in company M who has never been homesick, secured a furlough, asked for many passes or desired too fight anybody. Peddlers have become somewhat numerous about camp the past few days. Several men will attend the ball game at Baldwin park this afternoon.

October 8, 1898:

31st Mich. Vs 4th Tenn
At three o’clock this afternoon the regimental ball teams of the Thirty-first Michigan and the Fourth Tennessee will line up at Baldwin park. The game promises to be fast and interesting in every way. Ladies will be admitted free of charge. Following is the line-up of the two teams:

31st Michigan vs 4thTennessee
Wahn -- p-- Cunningham
Gill -- c -- Grim
Charter -- 1b -- Wilson
Rathborne -- 2b -- Lynch
Hewitt -- 3b -- Baird
Monroe -- ss -- Farris
Dunn --  lf -- Whitehead
McMillan -- cf -- Murrey
Plunkett -- rf -- McKenny

October 9, 1898:

Nothing official has been heard from Colonel Brown in reference to the time when the regiment will leave for Atlanta. The reported change is the principal topic of conversation among the men and a few more of them are anxious to get away than at first.

Lieutenant-Colonel Hannah, when asked his opinion of the move said: We are willing to go where ever the government orders us.”

The resignation of Major Wright has been tendered. It asks for relief on the 15th of this month and while he has no official notice of its acceptance, he thinks he will get it soon. Major Wright yesterday explained his action as follows: “Senator Turley, father and myself are in the law business at Memphis. Senator Turley’s duties will soon require his presence in Washington. Then father will have double work and I believe it my duty to return home and help him” Who will succeed Major Wright is a question that has not been definitely answered but someone will be found ready.

The health of the Fourth regiment has been the best of any in the volunteer army. Not a death has occurred from sickness and not an inmate has been sent to the division hospital. There have never been more than a dozen men in the regimental hospital incapacitated for work at one time. Captain Earthman, who has charge of the sanitary work was asked for an explanation of the camp’s health yesterday. He stated that it was due entirely to discipline and systematic work. The camp is given an inspection daily, all refuse matter burned, and the men in the hospital given home-like attention.

“One great benefit derived by the sick men, “ said Captain Earthman, “is the daily visits of Miss Katherine Beyland, who brings flowers, soups, etc., and greatly cheers the weary men. In rainy weather, she comes on the car and when it is dry rides her bicycle. She usually comes before going to school in the mornings, and has proven a guardian angel at our tent. More like her would make the world better.”

A literary society was recently organized with the following officers, to meet weekly in the Y.M.C.A. tent on Saturday nights: President, Lieutenant York, of company C; vice-president, J.C. Claxton of company M; secretary, Sullivan; editor, George P. Hayes; critic, W. A. Myers, company K; chaplain, Otho Atkin. The first regular meeting was held last night, the subject being: “Resolved that the United States should retain its newly acquired colonial possessions.”

Religious exercises will be conducted today in the Y.M.C.A. tent as follows: Preaching at 10:30 a.m. by Chaplain Hancock; Sunday school at 2 p.m.’ preaching by Rev. J.S. Jones, at 7 p.m.

On Friday night, a member of company B was asleep when tatto was sounded. Yesterday he was up before Lieutenant-Colonel Hannah and made a plain statement of the fact. Now that officer is not a hypnotist but he can put people to bed if they do not sleep. The company B man was ordered back to bed for twenty hours, where he was to remain undisturbed, so that he may finish his nap.

October 9, 1898:


Defeated the Fourth Tennessee Boys by a Score of 12 to 4

The team from the Thirty-first Michigan regiment won the base ball game at Baldwin park yesterday afternoon, the opposing team being the Fourth Tennessee. The score was twelve to four. The contest was a very pretty one throughout and was marked by some excellent work in the part of some of the individual members of the Michigan aggregation.

The feature of the game, without a doubt, was the playing of Second Baseman Rathborne, of the Michigan team. He played an errorless game, accepting fourteen chances at the bag mentioned. Some of them were exceedingly difficult ones. With a little improvement in his stick work he will be one of the big leaguers within one or two seasons.

Next Saturday the Sixth Ohio and Thirty-first Michigan teams will cross bats at the park.

October 10, 1898:

Not since the Fourth regiment went into quarters at Camp Taylor has it presented a neater appearance that it did yesterday. The regiment’s motto of cleanliness first, last and all the time, coupled with the intimation that Major Balance and Shunk would soon make an inspection of the camp, put the men to work cleaning up on Friday and yesterday the camp presented a pleasing appearance.

The resignation of Major Wright has been officially accepted, so far as camp news goes.

There was a abundance of religious exercises in the Y.M.C.A. tent Chaplain Hancock preached at 10:30 a.m. the Sunday school class met at 2 p.m. with a few new members, and Rev. J.S. Jones, of the city, preached at 7 p.m. The usual services during the week will be held.

The baseball team played its first game Saturday against the Thirty-first Michigan club and was defeated, but made a better showing than expected. Captain Baird has some good material that, with proper development, will make a strong team.

The few inmates in the hospital had several callers yesterday who remembered them in a substantial way.

Hello girls are plentiful about telephone exchanges, but hello boys are scarce.

The Fourth regiment has one, however in the person of Bert Irwin, who presides over the instrument in the box office. His work is abundant and at times annoying, but he is always “orderly” about it.

The following members of the regiment’s provost guards, who are stationed in the city, have been given police powers and clubs instead of guns: Sergeant Nicholson and Corporals Jacobs, Hatch and Bunn.

October 11, 1898:

Col. Brown has returned from a brief visit to his family at Rogersville, He evidently takes the recent statement from Washington that the Fourth regiment would be sent to Atlanta in a pleasing manner, for he wears a “ I told you we would remain in service” kind of expression. In reference to the preference of the men about remaining in camp here or moving, Captain Ragsdale, of company E, said yesterday:-“I believe nine-tenths of the men in this regiment desire a change and wish to go somewhere and they would not care to wait for a sleeping car to get away in, either, Knoxville is all right for home, but a fellow who desires some experience of soldier life desires to move.”

The following residents of Johnson City were recently guests of Regimental Postmaster George Hayes: W. A. Mitchell, David Jones, C. A. A. Pearce and George Berry.

Corporal Potts, to Dandridge; Davis to Kentucky and Fitzgerald to Greeneville, all members of company A. secured furloughs yesterday.

A regimental Y.M.C.A. has been organized that meets every Tuesday night. It is conducted on the same plan as the regular association and will no doubt result in some effective work. The officers are: President, George Hayes; vice-president, W. A. Myers; secretary and treasurer, A. S. Gilbert.
The regular weekly Bible class last night was well attended. Several young men of the regiment are interested in this and take much interest in searching the holy book.

A peddler yesterday had a basketful of fun by throwing a half bushel of apples to about fifty men who were just inside the guard line. All kinds of acrobatic work, fistic encounters, etc., resulted among those eager to get the fruit.

Chestnut hunting has become a popular pastime with many of the men and they do not care for the trouble required in getting the nuts if they can find them.

October 11, 1898:

Private Mart H. Dodson, company C., Fourth Tennessee, had been found guilty by general court-martial, of striking a superior officer and has been dishonorably discharged from the service with a forfeiture of all pay due him, and three months in prison. He will be sent to the prison at Ft. Sheridan, Ill., where he will serve his sentence.

October 12, 1898:

Tri-weekly regimental drills have been commenced in this regiment and Colonel Brown had the men out yesterday giving them some important exercise in military evolutions.

People who make a special trip to camp to witness guard mount and dress parade should just make it convenient to attend one of the regimental drills and they will not only be satisfied with the movements of the men but given a tinge of increased patriotism, as the men move over the parade ground as if one person

Captain Earthman, the sanitary officer of the camp reported five mild cases of physical disability in the hospital yesterday. He is having a new sink dug, which will be ready tomorrow.

Captain Walter Fitzgerald of Co. A, is able to be out after a few days illness. He will make a brief visit to relatives and friends at Greeneville before again assuming charge of his company.

John Dennis, of Co. G, has secured a furlough and will spend the time at Nashville.

Major Surgeon Crum Epler yesterday received a new record book that will be of importance in his work.

J.C. Stanfield, circuit court clerk of Blount county, was a guest of friends in Co. B yesterday. He was accompanied by his twin sons, Bob and Alf, named after the Taylor brothers. These twins represent two prominent citizens of Tennessee, namely Governor Robert L. Taylor and Hon. Alf Taylor, one a democrat, the other a republican. As the Taylors are unlike in stature, so are the Stanfield boys.

October 13, 1898:

The “promenade dance” to be given in honor of the officers of Camp Poland by the members of the “Women’s Building Board,” will be postponed till Monday night. The ladies of the board will receive and be assisted in entertaining by some of Knoxville’s fairest daughters. The introduction committee will consist of some of the younger married couples. It is the special request of the officers that this will not be a strictly military affair-so it is hoped the young gentlemen of the city will participate. Cards of admission can be obtained from Col. Gardner, Thirty-First Michigan; Capt. White, First West Virginia; Capt. Collier, Second Ohio; Lieut. Fisk, Sixth Ohio; Lieut McAllister, Fourth Tennessee; Lieut Walker, First West Virginia; Mr. Tom Calloway, McCormick Clothing Co., or at Woman’s Building at 8:30 Monday night.

October 13, 1898:

The sanitary motto of this camp appears to be “keep everlastingly cleaning up.” The members have been cleaning away refuse matter from their company streets for three days. Yesterday Colonel Brown was personally directing the movements of a large number of men who were hauling away rubbish from the borders of the camp. A new general sink has been dug a few hundred feet west of the camp and is ready for use.

General John T. Wilder, pension agent for the southern states and who has an enviable war record was a visitor in camp Tuesday. He takes a personal interest in the regiment and complimented the officers on the fine appearance of the men, their improvement in drill work, etc.

Private Mart H. Dodson, who was recently given a three months’ sentence without pay for striking an officer, was taken to Fort Sheridan, Illinois, last night. He was in charge of Sergeant Harry L. Moore, of the Thirty-first Michigan regiment and Singleton Drake, of the Fourth Tennessee.
The orchestra part of the band has an engagement to play tonight for the Daughters of Rebecca, who will give an entertainment in the Masonic building.

Dr. Hoss and daughter, Miss Mary, of Nashville, are guests of Lieutenant Embree Hoss.

Lieutenant James H. Slayden of company K, has returned from Waverly.

Captain Cordell Hull, of company H, has returned from Nashville, where he spent a few days on leave.

Prescott Kirkpatrick, of Jonesboro, is a guest of his brother, Lieutenant Kirkpatrick.

A game tournament recently conducted in the regiment, resulted in Private Lane winning first prize in checkers and Private Baker and Gentry securing the best record for crokinole team work.

A new Y.M.C.A. tent was recently ordered by Chaplain Hancock. It is expected to arrive this week. The regular weekly prayer-meeting will be held in the tent tonight.

Blankets have been issued to the men and it is expected that they will get their winter clothing within a few days.

The American Tobacco company’s sample wagon called yesterday and made many of the men happy.


TheThe Journal and Tribune (Knoxville, TN), August 27, 1898; October 2, 1898; October 3, 1898; October 5, 1898; October 6, 1898; October 7, 1898; October 8, 1898; October 9, 1898; October 10, 1898; October 11, 1898; October 12, 1898; October 13, 1898 - Contributed by Jeff Berry

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