Spanish Torpedo Boats, First Class
By Nick Mitiuckov and Franscico
Jose Diaz Diaz
The following is some basic information on the Spanish Torpedo
1st Class. Torpedo boats of this class displaced in excess of 100 tons,
and were intended for use at sea rather than merely for coastal port
as were the second class torpedo boats.
The authors ares searching for more information on these vessels, and
like verification of the facts as listed below. If you can in either of
these items, please contact the website
administrator, and he will put us in contact! We need your help!
These vessels were equipped with Whitehead
torpedoes. The first vessels of this type
Click here to see a plan and
of the ARIETE!
ARIETE ("RAM") and RAYO ("RAY") were both constructed by Thornycroft
(England), in 1886 and 1887 respectively at a cost of 37,000 pounds
They carried two 14 inch Whitehead torpedo
and four 42 mm Nordenfelt machine guns. These vessel had two locomotive
boilers with asymmetric chimneys located which were not located on the
main axis of the ship, but towards the sides. The engines could create
1,300 horsepower, and had a speed of at least 25 knots (ARIETE reached
27 knots, a record at the time).The ships had a complement of 25 men.
speed was a record for in its day. The ARIETE and RAYO were to have
Don Fernando Villaamil's torpedo group
in Admiral Cervera's squadron, but this did
occur because it was thought that the conditions of a sea passage for
vessels made the trek unadvisable. Both saw service until
45m long x 4.42m wide x 1.4 m draft
Click here to see a plan and
of the AZOR!
AZOR and HALCON ("HAWK") were constructed by Yarrow (England) -
in 1887 at a cost of 17,000 pounds each. They carried three Whitehead torpedo
tubes (two in the bow, and one in the stern) and two machine guns. The
vessels were equipped with locomotive boilers which had their funnels
to each other. The ship was divided into 10 watertight compartments.
were among the first Spanish torpedo boats with good facilities for the
crew. These vessels carried a crew complement of 23 men. The AZOR was
have joined Don Fernando Villaamil's
group in Admiral Cervera's squadron, but
did not occur because it was thought that the conditions of a sea
for the vessel made the trek unadvisable. AZOR collided with the ORION
in the Bay of Cadiz on April 8, 1911 during military exercises.
Mitiuckov, Nick, Naval Historian, Izhevsk, Russia (personal
Aceņero, Lluis Domingo - personal correspondence
de Juan and Peņalosa, Javier and Santiago Fernandez Gimenez,
History of Navigation. Editions "Urbion", (Spain, 1980) 245-246.
Diaz Diaz, Francisco Jose
FOCK's Schwartze Gesellan,
CONWAY's All the World's Fighting Ships, Vol 1 and 2.
AGUILERA's Buques de la Armada Espanola (Madrid: Editorial Silex,
1999), 344-345, 479-480.
Voennie floty i morskaya spravochnaya knizhka. Under edition of
His Emperor Highness, Great Kniaz Alexander Mikhailovich.
(Information on the AZOR Class and the RAYO Class provided by
Please note that we are looking for
information on these vessels. If you have additional data, please contact
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