A Brief Chronology of the

Beginnings of the Coast Artillery and the Spanish American War

Contributed by Raymond Tompkins; Data provided by Andrew Bittle, PhD and Patrick McSherry


General:

The Coast Artillery began its history during the Spanish American War. The history is traced in the following chronology.

The Chronology:

February 15, 1898 Battleship MAINE sinks in Havana harbor after a disasterous explosion.

March, 1898 - The Army forms the 6th Artillery Regiment at Ft. McHenry, Baltimore, Maryland (except for Battery O and one other battery that are formed a year later).

April, 25, 1898 The United States declares war on Spain.

July, 1898  - Two batteries of the 6th Artillery ship from San Francisco to the Philippines, arriving in August.  Battery D went to Manila,  Battery G to Iloilo, on the Island of Panay.

August 13, 1898 Manila Falls; Armistice declared and fighting between the U.S. and Spain ends.

December 10, 1898 Spanish American War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

February 4, 1899 The Cuban American War begins.

March 1899 - Battery O, 6th Artillery is formed in the United States; Battery D, 6th Artillery participates in the attack and capture of Malabon.

April 1899 -  Battery O, together with most of the rest of the 6th Artillery Regiment, steamss for the Philippines,  arriving in May 1899 (i.e., after the battle of Malabon.)

Battery O remains in the Manila area. By September, 1900 the unit is located at Santa Lucia, near Manila.

1901 - the 6th Artillery Regiment is broken into independent companies. Battery O was redesignated the 71st Company, Coast Artillery Corps, and stationed at Ft. Santiago, near Manila.


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