U.S.S. HELENA

By Patrick McSherry

The Gunboat HELENA

Click here for a partial roster of the HELENA 

GENERAL:

HELENA served with the blockade of Cuba during the Spanish American War, taking part in various bombardments and actions. She also captured a Spanish vessel during her service.
 

BACKGROUND:

The Gunboat HELENA was constructed at the Newport News Shipbuilding Company in Newport News, Virginia, being launched on January 30, 1896. She was christened by the daughter of the mayor of Helena, Montana, Miss Agnes Belle Steele. On July 8, 1897 HELENA was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard, under the command of W. T. Swinburne.

After initially serving in the North Atlantic, the approah of the Spanish American War found HELENA in Lisbon, Portugal. She was ordered to Key West, and then to Cuba to take part in the naval blockade. The gunboat escorted the Army's Fifth Corps transports from Florida to Cuba, and bombarded Siboney (Ensenada de los Altares) as a feint while troops were being landed at Daiquiri. HELENA also took part in the shelling of Spanish blockhouses and fortifications near Tunas on July 2 and 3, 1898, where she also towed the grounded transport FLORIDA to safety. On July 18, she took part in the assault on Manzanillo, Cuba, aiding in the destruction of eight small Spanish vessels. On July 24, HELENA was ordered to intercept the steamer CATALINA, but instead found the MIGUEL JOVER, bound for Bareclona with a load of cotton and staves. The vessel was captured as a prize.

After the armistice was agreed to between the U.S. and Spain, the need for vessels at Cuba lessened, however, there was a concern about the situation in the Philippines. HELENA was transferred to the Pacific, where she would serve the remainder of her career. She departed from Boston, Massachusetts on November 3, 1898 and proceeded to Manila via the Suez Canal. She arrived on February 10, 1899, six days after the Philippine American War began. She took an active part in the conflict, being present at the evacuation of Jolo and the landing of American forces, taking part in actions in Cavite Province, and in the bombardment of San Fabian in Lingayen Gulf. Her landing parties also aided in the capturing of Filipino defensive lines along the Zapote River.

Between October, 1900 and April 19, 1905, HELENA served variously between China and the Philippines, being placed out of commission on the latter date at Cavite. The following year, HELENA was recommissioned. Beginning in June of 1907, she began service in China, serving variously in the Yangtze River Patrol, and on the South China  patrol. She continue in this role through her reduced commissioning on June 29, 1929 to her final decommissioning on May 27, 1932.

HELENA was sold on July 7, 1934.
 

Chief Petty Officer Jack McSherry with the HELENA's mascot "Bill" aboard the gunboat in the early  1920's.
McSherry served aborad HELENA from December 26, 1920 until October 10, 1921.


ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES:

The gunboat was actually designed for river service in China, and was provided with oversized rudders and a combined military mast and conning tower. However, with her shallow draft, she would roll up to sixty degrees, making her very uncomfortable at sea!

TECHNOTES:

Classification: Gunboat
Keel Laid: October 11, 1894
Launched: January 30, 1896
Commissioned: July 8, 1897
Rig: One military mast
Armament: Eight 4 inch rapid fire guns
Four 6 pounder rapid fire guns
Four one-pounder rapid fire guns
Two Colt revolving cannons
One 3 inch field gun
Contractor: Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Virginia
Length: 250 feet, 9 inches
Beam: 40 feet, 11 inches
Mean draft: 9 feet
Displacement: 1,397 tons
Complement: 10  officers and 165 enlisted men, under the command of Commander W. T. Swinburne.
Engine type: Twin vertoical triple expansion engines powering twin screws, and capable of generating 1,988 horsepower
Boiler type: six single-ended cylindrical boilers
Coal Bunker Capacity 274 tons
Normal Coal Supply 100 tons
Speed: 15,50 knots
Endurance at 10 knots 2,200 nautical miles
Armor: Watertight deck was had 3/8" armor on the slopes
and 5/16" armor on the flat portion.
Cost $280,.000

Bibliography:

(As a service to our readers, clicking on titles in red will take you to that book on Amazon.com)

Alden, Cmdr. John D., USN (Ret.), American Steel Navy, (Annapolis: United States Naval Institute Press, 1972) 163, 166, 378.

Clerk of Joint Committee on Printing, The Abridgement of Message from the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899) Vol II, 1100, 1190, 1191, 1250, 1251

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Vol. III (Washington: Navy Department, 1977) 287.

McSherry, Jack, USN, Retired, Things We Remember. (Printed privately in 1966).

Spears, John R., Our Navy in the Spanish American War. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1898) 131-132, 280.


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