A Brief History of the 1st West Virginia Infantry

 by Patrick McSherry

Click here for a roster of the 1st West Virgnia Volunteer Infantry
Click here for accounts of camp life with the 1st West Virgnia Volunteer Infantry

General:

The 1st West Virginia Volunteer Infantry servced its term of service in the continental U.S.

Unit History:

The First West Virginia Volunteer Infantry was mustered into service between May 7 and May 14, 1898 at Fort Lee, across the Great Kanawha River from Charleston, West Virginia. At the time of its mustering in, the unit consisted of forty-six officers and 964 enlisted men. On May 20, 1898 they departed for Camp Thomas at  Chickamauga, Tennessee.

The First West Virginia served its term of service within the continental United States, serving part of that time at Camp Poland in Knoxville, Tennessee, and at Columbus, Georgia.

The regiment was mustered out of service at Columbus, Georgia on February 4, 1899 (the same day the the Philippine-American War began, the Spanish American War having ended on December 10, 1898). At the time of muster out, the regiment consisted of forty-seven officers and 1,039 enlisted men.

During its term of service, the unit had one officer dismissed, fourteen enlisted die from disease, one enlisted man die as the result of an accident, two enlisted men court-martialed, fourteen enlisted men discharged for reasons of disability and forty-four men desert.



Bibliography:

The Journal and Tribune (Knoxville, TN), November 24, 1898 - Contributed by Jeff Berry

Statistical Exhibit of Strength of Volunteer Forces Called into Service During the War with Spain; with Losses from All Causes. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899).

West Virginia Heritage Encyclopedia, Vol. 9, The Soldiery of West Virginia, published by Jim Comstock, 1974, pages 225-228 (courtesy of Ed Prichard).

Wright, General Marcus J., Wright's Official History of the Spanish American War.
(Washington: War Records Office 1900). 258 (this source gives another image of the event, with the men sitting).


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